Roman indented pot from  Trinity Street, London

Landscape Survey

GPS Survey at Kensington Palace

Various types of surveying techniques are used to investigate, identify, analyse, record and interpret the historic environment. Survey is essential in providing the knowledge and understanding required for making effective management decisions.

Survey work may be required in response to the recommendations of a Conservation Management Plan, Environmental Impact Assessment or Historic Landscape Assessment. It is also used for the recording, analysis and interpretation of historic sites, landscapes, buildings and monuments. Types of survey undertaken by PCA are Site set-up and recording, topographical survey, earthwork survey, building recording and landscape assessment

PCA's team are equipped with the latest technology in survey instruments and software. Surveys can be carried out using:

  • Total Stations (theodolites with electronic distance measurement)
  • GPS (Global Positioning Systems)
  • Traditional hand-drawn methods; or
  • a combination of all depending on the aims and needs of the survey and the appropriateness of the site.

Examples of work that we undertake:

  • Topographical survey to provide a geographical context, aid understanding and interpretation of a site or its components' location
  • Urban townscape assessment and recording
  • Parkland surveys to understand the development of the park and record earlier activity in the form of deserted settlements and agricultural vestiges
  • Large scale recording providing full detail and analysis of earthwork features
  • Archaeological survey of gardens to record extant and lost features and identify past phases in the garden's development
  • Small scale recording and rapid assessments of large areas of landscape
  • Integration of features into their landscape, working together with the building recording and photography teams

The results can be provided as raw or processed data, as CAD drawings or as part of a GIS. Additional work may be carried out in the form of documentary research and map regression in order to provide a full analysis and interpretation in the form of a report which may lead to a publication.

GPS satallite survey at Kensington Palace, London One of our surveyors carrying out a landscape survey using a Total Station Topographic or contour map of Ford Moss (Special Area of Conservation), Northumberland 3D surface map of Ford Moss (Special Area of Conservation), Northumberland